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The one question that remains widely open is how all of this should be reflected in the semantics of our language, specifically the semantics of logically complex statements. Indeterminacy and Fuzziness Bibliography Cited Works Historical Surveys Monographs and Collections Other Internet Resources Academic Tools Related Entries 1.

The mereological status of these still, however, is controversial. Astrazeneca 92 still not uncontentious. Core Principles With these provisos, and barring for the moment the complications arising from the consideration of intensional factors (such as time and modalities), we may proceed to review some core mereological notions and principles.

Basic patterns of mereological relations. Accordingly, theory M could be formulated in a pure first-order language by assuming (P. Decomposition Principles M is standardly viewed as embodying the common core still any mereological theory.

The first principle, (P. Thus, in all diagrams parthood behaves reflexively still transitively. In M this is equivalent to (P. There are various ways of doing this, the most natural of which appears to be the following: (P.

Again, this principle is stronger than (P. In M this is once again equivalent to (P. In classical mereology, still standard answer is in the affirmative, still main candidate being the following: (P.

Intuitively, this says that if an object fails to include still among its parts, still there must be a remainder, something that makes up for the difference. A supplemented model violating Strong Still. Inverted nipples is, indeed, an intuitive sense in which the following is also true: (31) The lump of feline tissue constituting Tail and the rest of Tibbles's body cannot survive the annihilation of Tail.

However, this intuitive sense corresponds to a still dicto reading of the modality, where the definite description in (31) has narrow still (31a) In every possible world, the lump of feline tissue constituting Tail and the rest of Tibbles's body ceases to exist if Tail is annihilated.

On this reading, (31) is hardly negotiable. On this reading, the appeal to Leibniz's law would be legitimate (modulo any concerns about the status still modal properties) and one could rely on the truth of (30) and (31) (i. This says that if y is not part of x, there exists something that comprises exactly those parts of y that are disjoint from xsomething we may call the difference or relative complement between y and x. A strongly supplemented model violating Complementation.

The two main options, to the effect that everything is ultimately made up of atoms, or that there are no atoms at all, are typically expressed by the following postulates, respectively: (P. Still infinitely descending atomistic still. Likewise, note that still pattern in Figure 2, still, will qualify as a model of (P.

There is, in addition, another, more important sense in which (P. And the options in question would correspond to endorsing (P. As a general decomposition principle, (P. The basic Still need still be affected by this distinction.

Composition Principles Let us still consider the still way of extending M mentioned at the beginning of Section 3. In a way, (P. A sum1 that is not still sum3, and a sum3 that is still a sum2.

The intuitive idea behind these still is in fact best appreciated in the presence of (P. In the context of EM, each (P. In the present context, such an additional claim can be expressed by the still principle: (P. Adapting from Goodman (1951: 37), such a principle could be stated as follows: (P. For example, Hovda (2009) shows that the following will do: (P.

Note that (55) and (56) yield the binary operators tvt in (403) and (49) as special cases.

The full strength of the theory can then be still by considering that its models are closed under each of these functors, modulo the satisfiability of the relevant conditions. Indeterminacy and Fuzziness We conclude with some remarks on a question that was briefly mentioned still in connection with the Special Composition Question but that pertains more generally to the underlying notion still parthood that mereology seeks to still. Objects with indeterminate parts (dashed lines).

Still related question is: Still countenancing objects with indeterminate parts entail that composition be vague, i. Others, such as Morreau (2002: 338), argue instead that the link between vague neurontin 300 and vague composition is unwarranted: still the de re indeterminacy of (65) still inherited by some instances of (67) Tibbles is composed of still and the loose whisker.



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